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Sunday, December 9, 2018

Hawaiian Vacation on the Big Island--Part III

One of many locations of Black Noddy nesting sites
          After finishing up touring around Hilo, Mauna Kea Volcano, and the Saddle Rd areas we decided to head south towards Volcanoes National Park and the southern tip of the island. Once again as we were leaving our jungle cabin we came across more Mongoose.
Mongoose - as common as squirrels in Delco

   Our first stop of the day was at the "Star of the Sea" church, also known as the painted church.
       
King Kamehemehe pointing out the sites
Painted Church

An exotic looking Catholic Church

Scanning for Wedge-tailed Shearwaters and Bulwer's Petrel-- no luck


Close-up of above photo--Black Noddies on the cliffside

Black Noddies - Life Bird
Location of the recent Volcano flows

A quarter mile to the ocean of all new land mass since 1990-already rejuvenation has started

Steam Vent

Breakfast stop - Not quite the Hard Rock Cafe









           After breakfast, we arrived at Volcanoes Nat'l Park. We visited here way back in 1974 and of course, nothing looked familiar. 


Volcano Caldera

Sharon sizing up the crater
         Even with all the lava rock around plants keep on growing.



           Driving along Crater Rim Drive we stopped to view many other craters and lava flows. The National Park starts at 3500' elevation but as you drive along Crater Rim Dr the elevation eventually brings you back to sea level. As we reached the ocean we walked to the overlook and saw the "Sea Arch".


View of distant ocean from 2500' above sea level.

The Sea Arch

View looking in opposite direction. Looks good for Black Noddies


Oh, Look! There they are.

This Hawaiian subspecies live in colonies and breeds on cliffs.


Hard to see but look at the orange feet. Another trait of this subspecies.

           After finishing up at the National Park we cruised further south along the eastern coast. The rest of the journey south was mostly sightseeing, not birding. We stopped at the most southern bakery in the United States. 


Malasadas - Portuguese type of donut. Delicious!

            We noticed these signs at many locations along the coast.



 
They grow big Poinsettias in Hawaii





Mark Twain's Monkey Pod Tree

          Rounding the southern tip of Hawaii we directed ourselves north, up the west coast. We stopped at one more spot to look for birds, the Manuka Natural Area Reserve. Here, we were able to find another pair of Apapane.


Unknown tree blossom

Japanese White-eye


Japanese White-eye is probably the most numerous bird on the island.
          After departing the park we did an about-face and started heading back to our AirBnB. Tomorrow we will pick up Chris and his family at the Hilo airport and embark on new adventures.

Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Hawaiian Vacation on the Big Island -- Part II


Common Waxbill and Scaly-breasted Munia
          The second day of our trip started with me hearing birds outside our windows, taking a peek and seeing both Common Waxbill and Scaly-breasted Munia feeding on the lawn. The Common Waxbill is native to Africa and is one of the smallest birds in Hawaii. The Scaly-breasted Munia (formerly known as Nutmeg Mannakin) was introduced from Southeast Asia in 1865. 

Common Waxbill


Scaly-breasted Munia

           Our AirBnB had a nice little screened in porch where we could enjoy breakfast while birding.



          Today we would be driving around the Hilo area and later crossing the island on Saddle Rd, which transects the island between Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea, two of the islands volcanos. A sign on the one-lane road leading out of our residence is shown below. 


More Ocean Scenery
           The first stop in Hilo was at the Discovery Center which taught us about the formation of the island chain from the Big Island all the way out to Midway Atoll. They had an aquarium inside which displayed some of the fish we would see later on our snorkeling expeditions.


         

            As lunchtime approached we headed to the Ponds Restaurant where the locals all insisted that we eat. It had a nice view overlooking the water.


Ponds Restaurant
          We were able to get a window seat which had no screens so it really felt wide open. I was able to do some birding right from the table and managed to get a life bird. I found three Nene or Hawaiian Geese across the water from the restaurant.

Enjoying the view and the Nene


Nene - Life Bird

            Even at the restaurant the tropics were splendid and provided a great backdrop.

You can see the Nene in the midle left of photo on the rock


Pacific Golden-Plover

           After lunch, we made the 30 mile trip along Saddle Rd to an elevation of 3500'. We found the Pu'u O'o Ka'umana Trail which had a pullout to park. When we exited our car the cooler temperatures were quite noticable. Even at this relatively low altitude, the temperature was probably 10 degrees cooler. A sign at the entrance to the path warned us to brush our shoes so we don't transport  exotic seeds.


Cleaning my sneakers
           


          We were here looking for the Hawaiian honeycreepers such as the I'iwi, Apapane, Hawaii Amakihi, Hawaii Creeper and Akakane. Sharon led the way over the lava rock trail which led into the Ohia trees where the birds were located. 

The Ohia forest and the lava trail
Ohia Blossom which the honeycreepers love.


          After walking about a half mile we finally were able to see three Apapanes. We were hearing them all around us but were never able to get a visual.


Apapane - Slightly curved bill, mostly red body, black wings, and white undertail coverts
          We searched for another fifteen minutes but couldn't find anything else even though we could hear all kinds of songs.  We decided to head about four miles further up Saddle Rd to the Pu'u O'o Volcano Trail, part of the Upper Waiakea Forest Preserve. There we met another birder getting ready to hike the trail. He told us about a meadow which was a half mile hike and said we should be able to find I'iwi there. So off we went.



The aforementioned meadow
           Sharon was having trouble traversing the trail and because the meadow was down a steep path she decided to stay on top and I proceeded onward. In the meadow, I could hear the I'iwi calling and spotted it at the very top of a distant tree.  I got my binoculars on it and sure enough, it was an I'iwi. I was trying to tell Sharon where it was when the bird flew off and headed in her direction. The bird then proceeded to land about ten feet from her and she called to me to come back up the hill. I finally arrived, all out of breath, and there was the I'iwi bouncing around in the Ohia tree singing his heart out. 

I'iwi


          The I'iwi, once valued for its bright red plumage, was collected to make the capes of the Hawaiian chiefs. It is estimated that the feathers of 30,000 I'iwi were used to make a single cape. It was noted that the native boys caught the I'iwi by hiding in the bushes with a curved flower held between thumb and forefinger. When the bird inserted its long bill, the boys pinched and held fast to their prize.

          We also found several Hawaii Amakihi in the same general area.

Hawaii Amakihi - Internet photo
            At this point, it was late afternoon and we decided to head to the Mauna Kea Observatory on the volcano summit. This road takes you up to the visitor's center at 9000' and there you park for an hour to get acclimated to the altitude. If you want to continue up to the observatory you need reservations. The trip up to the observatories cost $212 each and you have to ride in their 4WD vehicles because of the dirt road with steep inclines. We didn't have reservations because we both knew we would suffer from altitude sickness so we just strolled around the visitor center waiting for sunset. In the meantime we birded and walked through the garden of silver sword plants which are endangered.

Silver Sword plant
            Birding at this altitude definitely reduced the level of species encountered but we did find more Hawaii Amakihis and our only California Quail. I heard a different bird calling that I didn't recognize but had a feeling it was some kind of grouse or pheasant. After much searching and waiting I spotted the bird in a tree. It turned out to be an Erckel's Francolin.

Erckel's Francolin perched in tree
           Sunset was quickly approaching and we needed to hike up the hillside to get a good view. Easier said than done. We started at a fast pace but quickly had to slow down due to not wanting to die from oxygen deprivation. 
 
The out of breath hike to the top.
As it turned out there was not a good sunset due to the speedy approach of a thick layer of clouds. After sunset we drove back to our jungle hut to await tomorrow's adventures.





You can also see that we added another layer of clothes